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History of Liquidation

History of Liquidation

Photo Archives 

The  Krakow ghetto gate 

As part of the Nazi's Final Solution, on Jan. 20, 1942, the Jews of the Krakow district were first put into a ghetto in Podgorze, a southern suburb of  Krakow on the other side of the Vistula river. Walls where erected around htis site.    *Today, only a small section of the wall remains.

 
Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes, Warsaw, Poland     


   

Jews move their belongings into the Krakow ghetto in horse-drawn wagons.                










National Archives in Krakow  Poland 


A group of Jews chop up furniture to use as fuel in the Krakow ghetto. 

  National Archives in Krakow Poland 


Liquidation of the ghetto

The next stage of the Final Solution was the liquidation of the ghetto and the transportation of all the Jews to the forced labor camp at Plaszow on March 13 and 14, 1943.

Some Jews from the Krakow ghetto, where rounded-up for deportation, and crowded onto the back of a truck.  

                         A column of Jews marches through the streets of Krakow during the final liquidation of the     ghetto. An SS unit oversaw the deportation. It was a 10 Km march to Plaszòw.

National Archives in Krakow , Krakow, Poland


Plaszòw Forced Labor Camp 

The Nazi forced labor camp at Plaszow was located 10 kilometers outside the city of Krakow.  Before the liquidation of the Krakow ghetto, there were 2,000 prisoners at the Plaszow camp, all of them Jews.  Afterwards, the Ghetto Liquidation, the Plaszow camp population rose to 8,000. At this point, Plaszow was still not considered a concentration camp, but a penal labor camp under the jurisdiction of local SS men in the General Government. Since Plaszow was considered a labor camp, random killing, executions and floggings of prisoners by Amon Goeth was under his local discursion and went unchecked by the central Nazi office in Berlin.

Labor Camp as it looked when it was in operation










   Current view of land where Plaszow once stood.


 


Memorial to the Jews who were killed at Plaszow.



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